November 30, 2022

Lefteriverse

Professional Real Estate Experts

How to Paint a Desk

Wondering how to paint a desk? Get all the details for painting a desk including type of paint, techniques, and how to finish it so it will be durable enough for use!

antique desk painted green with vintage wood chair and colorful artwork above

My daughters had outgrown the kids’ art table beneath their art display wall, so I began looking for an old desk for the space. I wanted something petite for their shared room but large enough to have some storage and be used as they grow.

corner with gold frames gallery wall and dark green desk

When I found a real wood antique vanity on Facebook Marketplace, I knew a desk makeover was in order.

antique wood vanity desk before painting
before: antique wood vanity
antique wood vanity desk painted deep green
after: modern painted desk

I actually completed the desk more than six months ago, but I tried a new product to give it an extra durable top. We know how hard kids can be on desk tops, and I wanted to make sure that the pencils didn’t scratch the surface, that the markers would wipe off, and that it would maintain its beautiful color before I shared the tutorial with you all.

painted wood desk top durable finish
beautiful, durable, painted desk top finish!

Fortunately, it still looks brand new… and it gets LOTS of use. I’m excited to share this step-by-step tutorial with you!

How to Paint a Desk

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Materials Needed

Video Tutorial

Watch the tutorial here or get the step by step below!

Preparation

1. Prepare the desk by removing all hardware and drawers.

2. Fill gouges and sand the desk smooth
(see FAQs below for other options if your desk is not as damaged as mine).

Mine had old glue residue from a mirror that used to sit on the desk’s top as well as majorly damaged veneer and gouges out of the top.

damaged wood desktop

As a result, I needed to fill the gaps and sand the piece smooth. I used wood filler on the areas that were damaged, allowed it to dry, and then sanded the whole piece with 120 grit sandpaper followed by 220 grit.

using wood filler on damaged desktop

In the interest of full disclosure, I originally considered going for a raw wood look on the desk, so I actually stripped the desk using this technique. Unfortunately, the veneer didn’t strip very well (which is sometimes the case), and I did not like the reddish-purple cast of the raw mahogany… So I decided to paint.

However, I have successfully used Fusion Mineral Paint on this dresser and other project without stripping the previous finish. So if you know you plan to paint this piece of furniture (which is likely since you are reading this tutorial 😉 ), then do not feel like you need to strip the previous finish. Just make sure you have smooth surfaces that are no longer shiny.

Painting

3. Make sure the desk is clean and dust free.
I usually do my stripping and preparation outside, but I try to move inside for painting to ensure a clean, smooth finish. Once you are set up inside (don’t forget to protect your floors with a drop cloth!), wipe the piece down again with a clean, lint-free rag.

4. Paint with long, smooth strokes.
A paint sprayer is great for larger projects (like this), but for a small desk, I find rollers and brushes sufficient.

painting wood desk using foam roller and brush

I like to use a foam roller made for trim for large, smooth areas like the desktop or sides. Work to keep your strokes going in a single direction for the smoothest possible finish. Use a brush to complete any detailed work (like the spindle trim on this desk). It is ok if you don’t achieve full coverage with the first coat; multiple thin coats will be more smooth and durable than one thick, messy coat.

5. Lightly sand (and clean!) between coats.
A light sanding with 220 or 300 grit sandpaper will knock off any imperfections and help minimize brush strokes. Be sure the paint is fully dry, then lightly sand in the same direction as you painted (this important!). Remove any sanding dust with a damp, lint-free cloth.

light sanding on finished painted surface desk top

6. Paint a second coat. Then sand and clean again.

Finishing

7. Apply finishing oil.
Fusion Mineral Paint does not actually require a topcoat. It produces a lovely matte finish that I have found is sufficient for dressers, side tables, etc. However, I knew that a desk would receive much more wear and tear and needed an extra layer of protection.

Finishing oil is an oil-based topcoat that soaks into raw wood. When using over paint, though, it doesn’t absorb fully, so you will need to paint on using your foam brush and wipe off the excess with a lint-free rag.

how to apply a topcoat to a painted dresser

A couple of notes about finishing options:

  1. Adding a top coat does usually change the sheen (and sometimes the depth) of the paint. In the image below, you can see three Fusion topcoat options I considered…
  2. Oil-based topcoats tend to be the most durable; however, they do yellow a bit over time. The yellowing is not usually noticeable over a dark color like Pressed Fern, but it would show on a white piece. If you are painting your piece white, you might consider a water-based topcoat (like the Tough Coat seen below) rather than the Finishing Oil.
topcoat options over painted wood
LEFT: fusion finishing oil | MIDDLE: fusion tough coat | RIGHT: fusion gel stain
You can see on the top how the color is affected and on the bottom how the sheen is affected. What does not come out in the picture is that the gel stain left a bit of cloudiness to the color.

8. Reattach hardware.
When the finish is dry to the touch, you can reattach your handles.

9. Let fully dry and cure.
Although the finish will feel dry in mere hours, you will want to give the piece of furniture at least a week or two to fully cure and harden before heavy use. This will ensure that your beautiful finish lasts!

rich green painted desk with wood lamp and wood chair

FAQs for Painting a Desk

What kind of paint do you use on a desk?
You can use many types of paint for a desk: acrylic paint, latex paint, chalk paint, or oil based paint. But each requires a different amount and type of preparation and top coats. I have been most pleased with the combination of Fusion paint and oil as I shared in the above tutorial. The paint was easy to apply, while the oil finish has proved extremely durable.

Do you need to prime a desk before painting?
Not necessarily. If you are painting a laminate desk, I would definitely prime with water-based or oil-based primer to ensure the paint will adhere. Or if you are planning to paint a dark wood desk a light color (like white), I would use a shellac or oil-based primer to block the dark color. Paint 1-2 coats of primer according to the same instructions above regarding paint, then do 1-2 coats of paint to achieve the desired color.

What is the best way to repaint a desk?
As you can see in the tutorial above: take care to prep the wood desk well. Paint with smooth, even strokes. Lightly sand and clean between coats for an extra smooth finish. Use a top coat for extra durability.

Do you need to sand a desk before repainting?
Can you paint a desk without sanding? Yes! If your current finish is in good condition (which mine was not for this project), you could start with liquid sandpaper or deglosser (see more about that in this post) rather than sanding. You just want to ensure that your finish is smooth and not shiny by the time you begin painting.

painted green antique vanity turned desk

More painted furniture ideas and diy projects

I hope you enjoyed this desk makeover! Painting furniture is such a fun, affordable (and therapeutic 😉 ) way to bring new life to an old piece. Check out all my furniture posts for more helpful tips and ideas.

green painted desk with text overlay: how to paint a desk